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1 Jasjeet Singh Bagla (ed.) Gravity and the Quantum: Pedagogical Essays on Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Quantum Gravity 026216 2017 eBook  
2 Jane Clark Viewing and imaging the solar systems: A Guide for Amateur Astronomers 025925 2015 Book  
3 Jie Liu Classical trajectory perspective of atomic ionization in strong laser fields I02401 eBook  
4 Tobias Nowozin Self-organized quantum dots for memories I02400 eBook  
5 Georgios M. Nikolopoulos (ed.) Quantum state transfer and network engineering I02399 eBook  
6 Donald W. Olson Celestial sleuth I02398 eBook  
7 Wen-Te Liao Coherent control of nuclei and x-rays I02397 2013 eBook  
8 Pablo Burset Atienza Superconductivity in graphene and carbon nanotubes I02396 eBook  
9 PD Lin New computation methods for geometrical optics I02395 eBook  
10 Alexander Pechenkin Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam I02394 eBook  
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TitleGravity and the Quantum: Pedagogical Essays on Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Quantum Gravity
Author(s)Jasjeet Singh Bagla (ed.);Sunu Engineer (ed.)
PublicationSwitzerland, Springer, 2017.
DescriptionXII, 494 p. 54 illus : online resource
Abstract NoteThis book provides a compilation of in-depth articles and reviews on key topics within gravitation, cosmology and related issues. It is a celebratory volume dedicated to Prof. Thanu Padmanabhan ("Paddy"), the renowned relativist and cosmologist from IUCAA, India, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. The authors, many of them leaders of their fields, are all colleagues, collaborators and former students of Paddy, who have worked with him over a research career spanning more than four decades. Paddy is a scientist of diverse interests, who attaches great importance to teaching. With this in mind, the aim of this compilation is to provide an accessible pedagogic introduction to, and overview of, various important topics in cosmology, gravitation and astrophysics. As such it will be an invaluable resource for scientists, graduate students and also advanced undergraduates seeking to broaden their horizons
Contents NoteJ. Alcaniz et al. Measuring baryon acoustic oscillations with angular two-point correlation function -- C. M. Boily Resonant disruption of binary stars by a catalytic black hole -- Rong-Gen Cai and Li-Ming Cao Mechanics of Apparent Horizon in Two Dimensional Dilaton Gravity -- Sumanta Chakraborty Boundary Terms of the Einstein-Hilbert Action -- Timothy Clifton and John Barrow Decay of the Cosmic Vacuum Energy -- Naresh Dadhich Understanding General Relativity after 100 years: A matter of perspective -- Tevian Dray Piecewise Conserved Quantities -- Pankaj Joshi Self-Similarity and Criticality in Gravitational Collapse -- Claus Kiefer Notes on semiclassical Weyl gravity -- Dawood Kothawala Accelerated Observers, Thermal Entropy, and Spacetime Curvature -- Donald Lynden-Bell A local stress tensor for gravity Fields -- Michele Maggiore Nonlocal Infrared Modifications of Gravity: A Review -- Ayan Mukhopadhyay Emergence of gravity and RG flow -- S. Modak Modelling non-paradoxical loss of information in black hole evaporation -- J.V. Narlikar Relativistic Paths : A Feynman Problem -- Martin Rees Thoughts on 50 years in astrophysics and cosmology and on what comes next -- Sudipta Sarkar Area Theorem: General Relativity and Beyond -- Shankarnarayanan What Are the Atoms of Space Time? -- Suprit Singh From Quantum to Classical in the Sky -- T.P. Singh Classical and quantum: a conflict of interest -- Lee Smolin Four principles for quantum gravity -- L. Sriramkurar What do detectors detect? -- Urjit A Yajnik Stability longevity and all that : false vacua and topological defects
Classification531.51:530.145(069)
Keyword(s)1. Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology 2. Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory 3. DEDICATEE - THANU PADMANABHAN 4. EBOOK 5. EBOOK - SPRINGER 6. Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory 7. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 8. PADMANABHAN, THANU - DEDICATEE 9. QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
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TitleViewing and imaging the solar systems: A Guide for Amateur Astronomers
Author(s)Jane Clark
PublicationNew York, Springer, 2015.
Descriptionxiii, 256p.
Series(Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series)
Abstract NoteViewing and Imaging the Solar System: A Guide for Amateur Astronomers is for those who want to develop their ability to observe and image Solar System objects, including the planets and moons, the Sun, and comets and asteroids. They might be beginners, or they may have already owned and used an astronomical telescope for a year or more. Newcomers are almost always wowed by sights such as the rings of Saturn and the moons of Jupiter, but have little idea how to find these objects for themselves (with the obvious exceptions of the Sun and Moon). They also need guidance about what equipment, besides a telescope, they will need. This book is written by an expert on the Solar System, who has had a lot of experience with outreach programs, which teach others how to make the most of relatively simple and low-cost equipment. That does not mean that this book is not for serious amateurs. On the contrary, it is designed to show amateur astronomers, in a relatively light-hearted—and math-free way—how to become serious.
ISBN,Price9781461451785 : Euro 34.99(PB)
Classification523-13
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. POPULAR ASTRONOMY 4. SOLAR SYSTEM OBSERVATION 5. TELESCOPE MOUNTS 6. TELESCOPES - USE
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TitleClassical trajectory perspective of atomic ionization in strong laser fields : semiclassical modeling
Author(s)Jie Liu
Description1 online resource (viii, 84 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteThe ionization of atoms and molecules in strong laser fields is an active field in modern physics and has versatile applications in such as attosecond physics, X-ray generation, inertial confined fusion (ICF), medical science and so on. Classical Trajectory Perspective of Atomic Ionization in Strong Laser Fields covers the basic concepts in this field and discusses many interesting topics using the semiclassical model of classical trajectory ensemble simulation, which is one of the most successful ionization models and has the advantages of a clear picture, feasible computing and accounting for many exquisite experiments quantitatively. The book also presents many applications of the model in such topics as the single ionization, double ionization, neutral atom acceleration and other timely issues in strong field physics, and delivers useful messages to readers with presenting the classical trajectory perspective on the strong field atomic ionization
Contents NoteTunneling ionization and classical trajectory model -- Single ionization in strong laser fields -- Double ionization in strong laser fields -- Partition of the linear photon momentum in atomic tunneling ionization -- Acceleration of neutral atoms with polarized intense laser fields -- Atomic ionization in relativistic intense laser fields
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. Ionization 5. Laser Technology, Photonics 6. LASERS 7. Numerical and Computational Physics 8. PHYSICS
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TitleSelf-organized quantum dots for memories : electronic properties and carrier dynamics
Author(s)Tobias Nowozin
Description1 online resource (xvi, 153 pages) : illustrations
Abstract NoteToday's semiconductor memory market is divided between two types of memory: DRAM and Flash. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. While DRAM is fast but volatile, Flash is non-volatile but slow. A memory system based on self-organized quantum dots (QDs) as storage node could combine the advantages of modern DRAM and Flash, thus merging the latter's non-volatility with very fast write times. This thesis investigates the electronic properties of and carrier dynamics in self-organized quantum dots by means of time-resolved capacitance spectroscopy and time-resolved current measurements. The first aim is to study the localization energy of various QD systems in order to assess the potential of increasing the storage time in QDs to non-volatility. Surprisingly, it is found that the major impact of carrier capture cross-sections of QDs is to influence, and at times counterbalance, carrier storage in addition to the localization energy. The second aim is to study the coupling between a layer of self-organized QDs and a two-dimensional hole gas (2DHG), which is relevant for the read-out process in memory systems. The investigation yields the discovery of the many-particle ground states in the QD ensemble. In addition to its technological relevance, the thesis also offers new insights into the fascinating field of nanostructure physics
Contents NoteFundamentals -- Charge carriers in quantum dots -- Coupling of QDs to 2D gases -- Measurement methods -- Electronic properties of and storage times in QDs -- Carrier dynamics in quantum dots coupled to a 2DHG -- Summary and Outlook -- Storage time as a function of the localization energy -- Experimental details - Setup -- Samples -- Sample Processing -- DLTS: Error of graphical analysis -- Extrapolation of storage times
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. NANOTECHNOLOGY 4. Nanotechnology and Microengineering 5. PHYSICS 6. Quantum dots 7. SELF-ORGANIZING SYSTEMS 8. SEMICONDUCTORS
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TitleQuantum state transfer and network engineering
Author(s)Georgios M. Nikolopoulos (ed.);Igor Jex (ed.)
Description1 online resource (x, 250 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteFaithful communication is a necessary precondition for large-scale quantum information processing and networking, irrespective of the physical platform. Thus, the problems of quantum-state transfer and quantum-network engineering have attracted enormous interest over the last years, and constitute one of the most active areas of research in quantum information processing. The present volume introduces the reader to fundamental concepts and various aspects of this exciting research area, including links to other related areas and problems. The implementation of state-transfer schemes and the engineering of quantum networks are discussed in the framework of various quantum optical and condensed matter systems, emphasizing the interdisciplinary character of the research area. Each chapter is a review of theoretical or experimental achievements on a particular topic, written by leading scientists in the field. The volume aims at both newcomers as well as experienced researchers
Contents NoteSpin Chains as Data Buses, Logic Buses and Entanglers -- Communication in Engineered Quantum Networks -- Dual- and Multi-rail Encoding -- Quantum State Transfer with Limited Resources -- Robustness of Spin-chain State-transfer Schemes -- Implementation of State Transfer Hamiltonians in Spin Chains with Magnetic Resonance Techniques -- State Transfer Hamiltonians in Photonic Lattices
NotesIncludes index
Keyword(s)1. Communications Engineering, Networks 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. ELECTRONIC DATA PROCESSING 5. PHYSICS 6. QUANTUM COMMUNICATION 7. QUANTUM COMPUTERS 8. Quantum computing 9. Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics 10. QUANTUM PHYSICS 11. Special Purpose and Application-Based Systems
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TitleCelestial sleuth : using astronomy to solve mysteries in art, history and literature
Author(s)Donald W. Olson
Description1 online resource (xvii, 355 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteMany mysteries in art, history, and literature can be solved using "forensic" astronomy, including calculating phases of the Moon, determining the positions of the planets and stars, and identifying celestial objects. In addition to helping to crack difficult cases, such studies spark our imagination and provide a better understanding of the skies. Weather facts, volcanic studies, topography, tides, historical letters and diaries, military records and the friendly assistance of experts in related fields help with the work. Topics or cases pursued were chosen for their wide public recognition and intrigue and involve artists such as Vincent van Gogh and Claude Monet; historical events such as the Battle of Marathon, Julius Caesar's invasion of Britain, and World War II; and literary authors such as Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Mary Shelley. For each historical event influenced by astronomy, there is a different kind of mystery to be solved. For example, how can the Moon help to explain the sinking of the Titanic and a turning point of the American Civil War? For each literary reference to astronomy, which celestial objects were being described and was the author describing an actual event? Follow these exciting investigations with Donald Olson, a master "celestial sleuth", as he tracks down the truth and helps unravel mysteries as far back as ancient history and as recent as the haunting paintings of Edvard Munch
Contents NoteAstronomy in Art -- Astronomy in History -- Astronomy in Literature
NotesIncludes index
Keyword(s)1. ARTS 2. ASTRONOMY 3. Astronomy in art 4. Astronomy in literature 5. Astronomy, Observations and Techniques 6. EBOOK 7. EBOOK - SPRINGER 8. PHYSICS 9. Popular Science in Astronomy
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TitleCoherent control of nuclei and x-rays
Author(s)Wen-Te Liao
PublicationCham, Springer, 2013.
Description1 online resource (120 p.)
Abstract NoteNovel coherent light sources such as x-ray free-electron lasers open exciting prospects for the interaction of light with nuclei. The thesis 'Coherent Control of Nuclei and X-rays' covers this still-developing field and proposes, in a daring attempt to revolutionize nuclear physics, three innovative schemes for taming nuclei using coherent effects. The theoretical explorations, which address control of nuclear quantum states, a nuclear memory for single photons in future photonic circuits,�A and optimized concepts for a nuclear clock, make use of new approaches at the borderline between nuclear physics and quantum dynamics
Contents NoteTheoretical Model -- Nuclear Coherent Population Transfer with X-Ray Laser Pulses -- Coherent Storage and Phase Modulation of Single Hard-X-Ray Photons -- Coherence Enhanced Optical Determination of the 229Th Isomeric Transition -- Conclusions and outlook
Keyword(s)1. Coherence (Optics) 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 5. NUCLEAR REACTIONS 6. PHYSICS 7. Relativity (Physics) 8. X-ray lasers
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TitleSuperconductivity in graphene and carbon nanotubes : proximity effect and nonlocal transport
Author(s)Pablo Burset Atienza
Description1 online resource (xix, 157 pages) : illustrations
Abstract NoteThe unique electronic band structure of graphene gives rise to remarkable properties when in contact with a superconducting electrode. In this thesis two main aspects of these junctions are analyzed: the induced superconducting proximity effect and the non-local transport properties in multi-terminal devices. For this purpose specific models are developed and studied using Green function techniques, which allow us to take into account the detailed microscopic structure of the graphene-superconductor interface. It is shown that these junctions are characterized by the appearance of bound states at subgap energies which are localized at the interface region. Furthermore it is shown that graphene-supercondutor-graphene junctions can be used to favor the splitting of Cooper pairs for the generation of non-locally entangled electron pairs. Finally, using similar techniques the thesis analyzes the transport properties of carbon nanotube devices coupled with superconducting electrodes and in graphene superlattices
Contents NoteBackground and theoretical framework -- Green functions techniques for graphene layers with edges -- The graphene-superconductor interface -- Nonlocal transport in graphene -- Cooper pair beam splitters in double quantum dots
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. Graphene 4. Nanoscale Science and Technology 5. Nanotubes 6. PHYSICS 7. SCIENCE / Physics / Electricity 8. SCIENCE / Physics / Electromagnetism 9. Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity 10. SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 11. Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films 12. Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films 13. Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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TitleNew computation methods for geometrical optics
Author(s)PD Lin
Description1 online resource (xii, 239 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Abstract NoteThis book employs homogeneous coordinate notation to compute the first- and second-order derivative matrices of various optical quantities. It will be one of the important mathematical tools for automatic optical design. The traditional geometrical optics is based on raytracing only. It is very difficult, if possible, to compute the first- and second-order derivatives of a ray and optical path length with respect to system variables, since they are recursive functions. Consequently, current commercial software packages use a finite difference approximation methodology to estimate these derivatives for use in optical design and analysis. Furthermore, previous publications of geometrical optics use vector notation, which is comparatively awkward for computations for non-axially symmetrical systems
Contents NoteHomogeneous coordinate notation -- Skew-Ray Tracing at Boundary Surfaces -- Modeling an Optical System -- Paraxial Optics for Axis-Symmetrical Systems -- The Jacobian Matrix of a Ray with respect to System Variable Vector -- Point Spread Function and Modulation Transfer Function -- Optical Path Length and Its Jacobian Matrix with respect to System Variable Vector -- The Wavefront Shape, Irradiance, and Caustic Surface in an Optical System
NotesIncludes bibliographical references
Keyword(s)1. EBOOK 2. EBOOK - SPRINGER 3. GEOMETRICAL OPTICS 4. Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering 5. Numerical and Computational Physics 6. Optics and Electrodynamics 7. Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices 8. PHYSICS 9. QUANTUM OPTICS
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TitleLeonid Isaakovich Mandelstam : research, teaching, life
Author(s)Alexander Pechenkin
Description1 online resource (xi, 241 pages) : illustrations
Abstract NoteThis biography of the famous Soviet physicist Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam (1889-1944), who became a Professor at Moscow State University in 1925, describes his contributions to both physics and technology, as well as discussing the scientific community which formed around him, usually called the Mandelstam school. Mandelstam?s life story is thereby placed in its proper cultural context. The following more general issues are taken under consideration: the impact of German scientific culture on Russian science; the problems and fates of Russian intellectuals during the revolutionary and post-revolutionary years; the formation of the Soviet Academy of Sciences; and transformation of the system of higher education in the USSR during the 1920's and 1930's.The author shows that Mandelstam?s fundamental writings and his lectures notes allow to reconstruct his philosophy of science and his approach to the social and ethical functions of science and science education. That reconstruction is enhanced through extensive use of hitherto unpublished archival material as well as the transcripts of personal interviews conducted by the author
Contents NoteYouth and Strasbourg years -- The Strasbourg years: radio engineering -- The Strasbourg years: optics -- The years of pilgrimage (1914-1925) -- Moscow State University (1925-1935) -- Research in optics (Odessa, Moscow) -- The Scientific School of Mandelstam school: the early steps and results -- The Mandelstam school: the theory of non-linear oscillations -- A continuation, the Mandelstam-Andronov School -- Moscow State University and the Academy of Sciences -- Borovoe and the last year in Moscow -- The Mandelstam's operationalism -- L.I. Mandelstam's interpretation of quantum mechanics in the context of the discussions of 1930-1940s -- Conclusion
NotesIncludes bibliographical references and index
Keyword(s)1. BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Science & Technology 2. EBOOK 3. EBOOK - SPRINGER 4. History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics 5. Optics and Electrodynamics 6. Physicists 7. PHYSICS 8. Popular Science in Nature and Environment 9. QUANTUM PHYSICS 10. SCIENCE / Energy 11. SCIENCE / Mechanics / General 12. SCIENCE / Physics / General 13. SCIENCE EDUCATION
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